Gyan,  Jaankari,  जनरल

Defamation Case in Hindi – Defamation Case Kya Hota Hai? [IPC 499]

Defamation Meaning in Hindi, Defamation Case Meaning in Hindi, Defamation Case in Hindi, Defamation Kya Hota Hai, Defamation Case Kya Hota Hai, IPC 499, IPC 500, IPC Dhara 499 in Hindi, IPC 499 in Hindi, IPC Section 499 Kya Hai

Defamation Case aam taur par un logon dvaara kee jaatee hai jinki ek saarvajanik chhavi (public image) hotee hai, jaise ki mashahoor hastiyaan, prasiddh lekhak ya patrakaar, uchch pad dhaaran karne vaale log, aadi. Iske alaava, Defamation Case duniya ki adalaaton mein darj kiye jaane vaala sabse aam case hai. Iss Defamation Case in Hindi lekh mein, ham janenge ki Defamation Case Kya Hota Hai, IPC 499 in Hindi, aur Defamation Case se sambandhit any tathyon ke baare mein charcha karenge.


Defamation Kya Hai?

Defamation (jise badanaamee, parivaad, ya apamaan ke roop mein bhee jaana jaata hai) doosare ke baare mein ek jhoothe bayaan ka maukhik ya likhit sanchaar hai jo anyaayapoorn roop se unakee pratishtha ko nukasaan pahunchaata hai aur aamataur par ek yaatana ya aparaadh ka gathan karta hai. Aaiye ab jante hain Defamation Case in Hindi, Defamation case kya hota hai.


Defamation Case Kya Hai?

Defamation sabse aam prakaar ke case mein se ek hai jo duniya bhar ke kaanoon kee adaalaton mein daayar kie jaate hain. kKoee bhee vyakti jo mahasoos karta hai ki saarvajanik roop se, shabdon ya ishaaron ke maadhyam se, bolkar, likhit, ya anumaan ke dvaara kisee ke dvaara us par galat aarop lagaaya gaya hai, vah adaalat mein Defamation Case daayar kar sakta hai.


Defamation Case Ke Types in Hindi

Civil aur Criminal Bharat mein do prakaar kee Defamation Case ke types hain.

  1. Civil Defamation mein ek vyakti jise badanaam kiya jaata hai vah ya to uchch nyaayaalay (High Court) ya adheenasth adaalaton mein ja sakta hai aur maudrik muaavaje ke roop mein harjaana maang sakta hai. Civil Defamation case ke andr apradhi ko jail ke saja nahi ho sakti hai.
  2. Criminal Defamation mein, jis vyakti ke khilaaph Defamation Case daayar kiya jaata hai, use do saal kee kaid ya jurmaana ya donon kee saja ho sakatee hai. Yah IPC 500 se andr aata hai jiske anusaar, Jo koee kisee doosare ko badanaam karega, use saadhaaran kaaraavaas se, jiskee avadhi do varsh tak ho sakatee hai, ya jurmaane se, ya donon se dandit kiya jaega.

IPC 499 in Hindi – Defamation

IPC Section 499: Jo koee bhee, bole gae ya padhane ke iraade se, ya sanketon dvaara ya drshy pratinidhitv dvaara, kisee bhee vyakti ko nukasaan pahunchaane ka iraada rakhta hai, ya yah jaanane ya vishvaas karne ka kaaran hai ki is tarah ke laanchhan se aise vyakti kee pratishtha ko nukasaan hoga, ke baare mein koee bhee aarop lagaata hai ya prakaashit karta hai.

  1. Kisee mrt vyakti par kuchh bhee aaropit karana Defamation kee shrenee mein aa sakta hai, yadi laanchhan us vyakti kee pratishtha ko nukasaan pahunchaega, yadi vah jeevit hai, aur usake parivaar ya any nikat sambandhiyon kee bhaavanaon ko aahat karne ka iraada hai.
  2. Kisee company ya group ya vyaktiyon ke sangrah ke sambandh mein aarop lagaane ke lie Defamation kee raashi ho sakatee hai.
  3. Vikalp ke roop mein ya vidambana ke roop mein vyakt kiya gaya aarop Defamation kee shrenee mein aa sakta hai.
  4. Koee laanchhan kisee vyakti kee pratishtha ko nukasaan nahin pahunchaata hai, jab tak ki vah laanchhan pratyaksh ya apratyaksh roop se, doosaron ke anumaan mein, us vyakti ke naitik ya bauddhik charitr ko kam nahin karta hai, ya us vyakti ke charitr ko uskee jaati ,ya us vyakti ke shrey ko kam karta hai, ya yah vishvaas karne ka kaaran banata hai ki woh vyakti aisee sthiti mein jise aamataur par sharmanaak maana jaata hai.

Defamation Case In Aadharon Par Kiya Ja Sakta Hai

1. Bayaan prakaashit kiya gaya ho Prakaashan ka arth maukhik aur likhit donon roopon ka prakaashan ho sakta hai jo Defamation karne vaale vyakti ke khilaph ek saboot hota hai. Is prakaar yadi ek vyakti, ek dusre vyakti par nijee taur par kuchh aisa aarop lagaate hain jo unhonne nahin kiya hai, aur aarop ko sunane vaala koee nahin hai, to yah Defamation Case nahin hai. Yadi ek vyakti dusre vyakti par likhit mein ya saarvajanik roop se bole gae shabdon ke maadhyam se kisi chiz ka aarop lagata hain, to dusra vyakti pehle vyakti par Defamation case kar sakta hain.


2. Bayaan mein vyakti ka anumaan kam hona chaahie Defamation bayaan us vyakti kee pratishtha ke lie haanikaarak hona chaahie jiske khilaaph aarop lagae gae hain ya aisee paristhitiyaan paida karta hai jahaan badanaam kie ja rahe vyakti ko logon dvaara door kiya jaata hai ya taala jaata hai. Yah bhee ullekhaneey hai ki vyakti ek vyakti ya ek chhota samooh ya vyakti ho sakta hai, na ki saamaany samooh. Udaaharan ke lie, “sabhee abhineta jhooth bolate hain” jaise ek bayaan Defamation nahin hai kyonki yah sabhee abhinetaon par ek vyaapak bayaan hai aur vishesh roop se kisee par nahin.


3. Defamation samaj se kisi vyakti, ya vyaktiyon ke samne hue hogi Samaj ke vyakti ka arth hai ausat buddhi vaala koee bhee vyakti, doosare shabdon mein saamaany samaaj ke svasth dimaag vaala koee bhee vyakti. Iska arth kisee bhee prakaar ke vyaktiyon ka koee vishesh varg nahin hai.


Samapan

IPC Dhara 499 Defamation ko paribhaashit karatee hai aur das vaidh apvaad pradaan karatee hai jab ek bayaan ko Defamation nahin maana jaata hai. Ismen kaha gaya hai ki Defamation “bolne vaale ya padhane ke iraade se, ya sanketon ya drshy pratinidhitv dvaara, kisee bhee vyakti ko nukasaan pahunchaane ka iraada rakhne vaale, ya jaanane ya vishvaas karne ka kaaran rakhane ke lie kisee bhee aarop ko banaane ya prakaashit karne ko” Defamation kaha jata hai. Defamation kee saja do saal tak kee saadhaaran kaaraavaas ya jurmaana ya donon ke saath hai. Defamation ek jamaanatee, gair-sangyey aparaadh hai.

Sharing is Caring!

Rishi, jo ki Hindified ke Author hain, peshe se ek Entrepreneur hain. Inhone internet par kayi popular blogs, aur websites ke liye writer ke taur par apna yogdaan diya hai. Iske alawa, blog ko manage karna aur anya chizen bhi shamil hai. Inko likhna bahut zyada pasand hai, aur kuch naya karne ke liye inhone Bharat me bole jaane wali aam bhasa, jise Hinglish ke naam se jaante hain, par articles likhna aur publish karna shuru kar diya. Isse ye apne likhne ke shauk ko pura karne ke sath hee, upayogi content pradaan karke aap logon kee madad bhi kar rahe hain.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.