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CRP Test in Hindi – CRP Test Kya Hota Hai? Kyun Kiya Jata Hai, Kaise Hota Hai, Normal Range, aur Puri Jankari

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CRP Test ka full form hota hai C-Reactive Protein Test, yah ek padaarth hai jo liver ke soojan ki vajah se banta hai. C-Reactive Protein Test ya CRP Test rakt mein is protein kee maatra ko maapata hai. Yah test, teevr sthitiyon (acute conditions) ke kaaran soojan ka pata lagaane ya chronic conditions mein beemaaree kee gambheerata kee jaanch ke lie rakt mein CRP kee maatra ko maapata hai. Iss article mein ham CRP Test ke baare mein charcha karenge in Hindi, jisme ham aapko yah batayenge ki CRP Test Kya Hota hai, Kyun kiya Jata hai, Kaise Kiya Jata hai, CRP Test ki Normal Range kya hai, aur iske bare mein aapko anya sabhi jankari pradaan karenge Hindi mein.


Vishay Suchi (Table of Contents):







CRP Test Kya Hota Hai in Hindi

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Ek CRP Test ya C-Reactive Protein test aapake rakt mein C-Reactive Protein (CRP) ke star ko maapata hai. CRP aapake liver dvaara banaaya jane wala ek protein hai jo ki soojan (inflammation) ke javaab mein aapake raktapravaah mein bheja jaata hai. Soojan (inflammation) aapake shareer ko aapake ootakon (tissues) ko bachaane ka tareeka hai yadi aap ghaayal ho gae hain ya aapako sankraman hai. Yah ghaayal ya prabhaavit kshetr mein dard, laalima aur soojan paida kar sakata hai. Kuchh swa-pratirakshit vikaar (autoimmune disorder) aur puraanee beemaariyaan bhee soojan paida kar sakatee hain.

Aam taur par, aapake rakt mein C-Reactive Protein ka star kam hota hai. Uchch star ek gambheer sankraman ya anya vikaar ka sanket ho sakata hai.

Soojan sambandhi sthitiyon kee ek vistrt vividhata CRP ke ooncha star (high levels) ka kaaran ban sakatee hai, jinamen se kuchh vividhtayen neeche die gae hain:

  • Swa-Pratirakshit vikaar (autoimmune disorder), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), lupus, aur soojan aantr rog (inflammatory bowel disease) ke kuchh prakaar jaise ki Crohn’s disease aur ulcerative colitis.
  • Ang aur ootak kee chot (Organ, Tissue Injury).
  • Pericarditis, (jo hrday ke astar kee soojan hai).
  • Sankraman
  • Cancer
  • Motapa

Mahatvapoorn roop se uchch CRP level, 350 milligrams prati liter se adhik (mg/L), lagabhag hamesha ek gambheer antarnihit chikitsa sthiti ka sanket hota hai. Sabse aam kaaran ek gambheer sankraman hai, lekin ek kharaab niyantrit autoimmune beemaaree, ya gambheer ootak kshati (tissue damage) bhee CRP level ko badha sakti hai.


CRP Test Kyun Kiya Jata Hai

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Aapaka doctor soojan (inflammation) kee jaanch karane ke lie CRP Test ka aadesh de sakata hai, jo sankraman ya puraanee soojan kee beemaaree, jaise ki rheumatoid arthritis ya lupus ke saath hrday rog (heart disease) ke jokhim ke baare mein bhee soochit kar sakata hai.

Ek CRP Test ka upayog un sthitiyon ko khojane ya jaanch karne ke lie kiya ja sakata hai jo soojan ka kaaran banate hain. Isame shaamil hain:

  • Bacterial sankraman (Bacterial Infection), jaise ki sepsis, ek gambheer aur jaanleva sthithi.
  • Ek fungal infection.
  • Soojan ki vajah se pet me dard hona, ek vikaar jo aanton (intestines) mein soojan aur raktasraav (inflammation and bleeding) ka kaaran banata hai.
  • Osteomyelitis naamak haddee (bone) ka sankraman.

Inke alaava, ek CRP Test nimnalikhit chizon ke lie upayog kiya jaata hai:

  • Navajaat shishuon mein sepsis ka pata lagaane ke lie C-Reactive Protein ka vyaapak roop se upayog kiya jaata hai.
  • Surgery ke baad mareejon kee nigaraanee ke lie CRP Test ka istemaal kiya ja sakata hai. Aamataur par surgery ke baad CRP ka star badh jata hai.
  • CRP Test kidney pratyaaropan praaptakartaon mein asveekrti ka ek achchha bhavishyavakta ho sakata hai. Iska matlab yah hai kidney transplant se pahale CRP Test iss baat ka sanket de sakta hain ki naya kidney patient ki body me kaam karega ya nahi.

CRP Test Kaise Hota Hai? Kaise Kiya Jata Hai

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Ek svaasthy dekhabhaal peshevar ek chhotee suee ka upayog karake aapakee baanh mein ek nas se rakt ka namoona lega. Suee daale jaane ke baad, ek chhotee maatra mein rakt ko test tube ya sheeshee (vial) mein ekatr kiya jaega. Jab suee andar ya baahar jaatee hai to aapako thoda dard ho sakata hai. Is prakriya mein aamataur par paanch minat se bhee kam samay lagata hai.

Ek CRP Test aapake shareer ko kisee bhee tarah se prabhaavit nahin karata hai, aur aap pareekshan ke baad saamaany ho jaenge. Aapake parinaam praapt karane mein kuchh din lag sakate hain.

Yadi aapako pahale se hee sankraman hai ya koee puraanee beemaaree hai, to is pareekshan ka upayog aapake upachaar kee nigaraanee ke lie kiya ja sakata hai. CRP Level mein vrddhi aur giraavat is baat par nirbhar karatee hai ki aapako kitanee soojan hai. Yadi aapake CRP Level neeche jaate hain, to yah sanket hai ki soojan ke lie aap pe kiya jaane wala upachaar kaam kar raha hai.


Dhyaan Den: CRP Test hone se pahale taral padarth lene, ya upavaas karne kee koee aavashyakata nahin hai. Haalaanki, uchch sanvedanasheelata vaale CRP Test (hs-CRP) vaale logon ko ek hee samay mein anya rakt pareekshanon se gujarana padata hai, aur isake lie 9 se 12 ghante pahale upavaas kee aavashyakata ho sakatee hai.


CRP Test Ki Normal Range Kya Hai

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CRP Test ki normal range ya saamaany reading 10 milligrams prati liter (mg/L) se kam hota hai. 10 milligram/liter ya adhik CRP level ek gambheer sankraman, aaghaat (trauma) ya kisi puraanee beemaaree (chronic disease) ka sanket hai, jisake kaaran ko nirdhaarit karane ke lie aage ke pareekshan kee aavashyakata hogee.

Ye jokhim star (risk level) aapake jokhim ka nishchit parinaam nahin hain kyonki high CRP level ke aadarsh sanketak ko spasht roop se paribhaashit nahin kiya gaya hai. Isake alaava, kyonki kisee vyakti ka CRP level samay ke saath badalata aur ghatta rahata hai, isalie do pareekshanon ka ausat, Coronary Heart Disease ke jokhim ko nirdhaarit karane ke lie upayog kiya jata hai.


CRP Test Levels Aur Unke Matlab

Aamtaur pe CRP Test ko teen staron me vibhajit kiya jaa sakta hai:

  • 3 milligram/L aur 10 milligram/L (Halka) ke beech ka star aamataur par madhumeh (diabetes), uchch raktachaap ya jeevan shailee ke kaarakon jaise tambaakoo dhoomrapaan aur aaseen (aalsi) hone ke kaaran hota hai.
  • 10 milligram/L aur 100 milligram/L (Madhyam) ke beech ka star aamataur par ek sankraamak (infectious) ya gair-sankraamak (non-infectious) kaaran se adhik mahatvapoorn soojan ke kaaran hota hai.
  • 100 milligram/L se oopar (Gambhir) ka star gambheer roop se ooncha ho jaata hai aur lagabhag hamesha gambheer jeevaanu sankraman (bacterial infection) ka sanket hota hai.

Aap CRP Test Kyun Kara Sakte Hain

Yadi aapako ek gambheer jeevaanu sankraman (bacterial infection) ke lakshan hain to aapako is pareekshan kee aavashyakata ho sakatee hai. Lakshanon mein shaamil hain:

  • Ultee
  • Bukhaar
  • Thand lagna
  • Tejee se saans lene
  • Tejee se dil kee dar

Yadi aapako pahale se hee sankraman hai ya koee puraanee beemaaree hai, to is pareekshan ka upayog aapake upachaar kee nigaraanee ke lie kiya ja sakata hai.


Samapan

CRP Test aur hs-CRP Test, donon alag alag test hain. Haalaanki ye donon CRP ke level ko maapate hain, unaka upayog vibhinn sthitiyon ke nidaan ke lie kiya jaata hai. Ek hs-CRP Test, C-Reactive Protein ke nimn star ko maapata hai. Isaka upayog hrday rog (heart disease) ke jokhim kee jaanch ke lie kiya jaata hai.

Ek doctor aamataur par kisee vyakti ke svaasthy ka vyaapak avalokan praapt karane ke lie kaee any pareekshanon ke saath CRP Test ka aadesh dega. Yah unhen chikitsa kaarakon kee ek seema par vichaar karane kee anumati deta hai. Haalaanki, kisee bhee anya baaharee kaarakon kee paravaah kie bina, 10 milligram/L se oopar ka CRP level aamataur par ek antarnihit bimari ka sanket deta hai.

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